25 Pictures Of Native American Masks From The Early 20th Century

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Navajo man, half-length, seated, facing front, wearing a ceremonial mask with feathers and with fir or spruce branches forming a wreath around the shoulders, 1904.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Person wearing Mask of Tsunukwalahl, a mythical being, used during the Winter Dance, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Navajo man wearing mask of Ganaskidi, god of harvests, plenty, and of mists, 1905.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Koskimo person wearing full-body fur garment, oversized gloves and mask of Hami (“dangerous thing”) during the numhlim ceremony, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Tonenili-Navajo, dressed in spruce branches, 1904-1905.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Kwakiutl person wearing a mask of the mythical creature Pgwis (man of the sea), 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Navajo man wearing leather mask with basket cap, fur ruff, nude torso painted with white lines, 1904-1905.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Ceremonial mask worn by a dancer portraying the hunter in Bella Bella mythology who killed the giant man-eating octopus. The dance was performed during Tluwulahu, a four-day ceremony prior to the Winter Dance, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Navajo man wearing dark mask, fur ruff, paint on torso, 1904-1905.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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A Navajo man, full-length, in ceremonial dress including mask and body paint, 1904.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Dancer wearing raven mask with coat of cormorant skins during the numhlin ceremony, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Dancer wearing oversize mask, three rings of feathers in front of clothing, holding a rattle, 1913.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Navajo man bedecked in hemlock boughs and mask of a clown associated with the mischievous rain god Tonenili, “Water Sprinkler,” 1905.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Kwakiutl person wearing an oversize mask and hands representing a forest spirit, Nuhlimkilaka (“bringer of confusion”), 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Man dressed in a full-body bear costume. The bear had the duty of guarding the dance house, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Navajo man wearing dark leather mask, fur ruff, cloth girdle, silver concho belt and necklaces, 1904-1905.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Dancer representing Paqusilahl (“man of the ground embodiment”), wearing a mask and shirt covered with hemlock boughs, representing paqus, a wild man of the woods, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Navajo man wearing mask of Haschebaad, a benevolent female deity, 1905.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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During the winter ceremony, Kwakiutl dancers wearing masks and costumes crouch in foreground with others behind them. The chief on the far left holds a speaker’s staff. Three totem poles in background, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Ceremonial dancer, full-length portrait, standing, wearing mask and a fur garments during the Winter Dance ceremony, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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A ceremonial mask of Nunivak, 1929.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Person wearing ceremonial mask of the Nuhlimahla during the Winter Dance ceremony. These characters impersonated fools and were noted for their devotion to filth and disorder, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Woman wearing a fringed Chilkat blanket, a hamatsa neckring and mask representing deceased relative who had been a shaman, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Two Native American men in costumes wearing horns of buffaloes, 1927.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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Sisiutl, one of the main dancers in the Winter Dance ceremonies, wearing a double-headed serpent mask and shirt made of hemlock boughs, 1914.Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

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